The most popular industrial economy in the Elevent

2022-08-01
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"Eleventh Five Year Plan" industrial economy writes wonderful answers in maintaining growth and adjusting structure

what are the auxiliary materials of the Eleventh Five Year Plan testing machine factory? This period is a very unusual five-year period for the development of China's national economy, and it is also a five-year period for the industrial economy to forge ahead in the face of challenges. In the past five years, China's industrial economy has not only withstood a series of severe tests rarely seen in history, such as the international financial crisis and the Wenchuan earthquake, but also maintained steady and rapid development. It has become the main driving force for the stabilization and recovery of the national economy. It has also taken gratifying steps in structural adjustment and optimization, laying an important foundation for the sustainable development of the industrial economy in the 12th Five Year Plan period and even longer

first, the industrial economy maintained rapid growth, and the overall strength was significantly enhanced.

industrial production maintained rapid growth amid ups and downs. In the first two years of the eleventh five year plan, industries above Designated Size (industrial enterprises with an annual main business income of more than 5million yuan, the same below) continued the growth trend of the three years after the Tenth Five Year Plan and maintained rapid growth. In 2006 and 2007, the growth rates reached 16.6% and 18.5% respectively; In the third quarter of 2008, under the severe impact of the international financial crisis, the situation took a sharp turn for the worse. The growth rate of industries above designated size decreased from 16% in the middle of 2008 to 3.8% at the beginning of 2009. In the face of the sudden impact, the central government made decisive decisions and actively responded to a series of economic policies to maintain growth, expand domestic demand and adjust the structure. The 4trillion yuan investment plan and ten major industrial adjustment and revitalization planning measures were launched intensively. The downward trend of the industrial economy was stopped. In June, the growth rate of industries above Designated Size recovered to double digits, reaching 19.2% in November, 11% in 2009 and 15.7% in 2010. The industrial economy has drawn a perfect V-shaped running track, making great contributions to maintaining growth. According to preliminary accounting, the added value of all industries in 2010 exceeded 16trillion yuan, an increase of 8.3 trillion yuan over 2005, an increase of 73.7% at comparable prices and an average annual increase of 11.7%, more than twice the world average growth rate in the same period

industrial strength has been significantly enhanced, contributing to China's position in the world economic pattern. After the great development during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, China's industrial economic strength has increased significantly. In 2009, China's manufacturing industry accounted for 15.6% of the global manufacturing value, becoming the world's second largest industrial manufacturing country after the United States. In 2010, China's GDP surpassed that of Japan and jumped to the second largest economy in the world. There is no doubt that industry, which accounts for 40% of China's national economy, has played a great role in promoting the continuous advancement of China's position in the world economy

the output of major industrial products increased significantly. According to preliminary statistics, China's power generation reached 4206.5 billion kwh in 2010, 1.7 times that of 2005; The output of raw coal was 3.24 billion tons, 1.4 times that of 2005; 67.406 million tons of chemical fertilizer, 1.3 times that of 2005; 627million tons of crude steel, 1.8 times that of 2005; 1.88 billion tons of cement, 1.8 times that of 2005; 18.27 million cars, 3.2 times that of 2005; 246million microcomputers, three times that of 2005. At present, there are 220 kinds of industrial products ranking first in the world, and the output of crude steel, coal and cement has ranked first in the world for consecutive years. In 2009, cement output accounted for 60% of the world's total output. In 2010, crude steel output accounted for 44.3% of the world's steel output, and coal output accounted for 45% of the world's total output

the export competitiveness of industrial products has been enhanced. In recent years, the export structure of China's industrial products has been continuously optimized and upgraded, and the international competitiveness of medium - and high-end industries has been continuously enhanced. In 2010, the export delivery value of industries above designated size was 9.1 trillion yuan, an increase of 89.3% over 2005. Among them, the export delivery value of the equipment manufacturing industry was 5.9 trillion yuan, an increase of 1.1 times over 2005. The equipment manufacturing industry accounted for 64.5% of the export delivery value of all industrial enterprises above Designated Size, an increase of 5.8 percentage points over 2005. In the export products of electric and electrical appliances, high-precision machine tools, engineering machinery, heavy mining and other industries, complete sets of equipment and high value-added products account for a large proportion

II. Remarkable achievements have been made in the adjustment of industrial structure.

the optimization of the energy industrial structure has been accelerated. In the electric power industry, the large power plants have suppressed the small ones. Over the past five years, more than 70million kilowatts of small thermal power units with high coal consumption and heavy pollution have been shut down. Coal resources should be more integrated. A total of 9000 small coal mines were closed, and 450million tons/year of backward production capacity was eliminated. The concentration of coal industry has been continuously improved. There are 50 coal enterprise groups above the level of ten million tons in China, with an output of 1.73 billion tons, accounting for more than half of the national output. The offshore crude oil output has exceeded 50million tons, creating a new offshore Daqing. The structure of the oil refining industry has been upgraded. There are 17 ten million ton refineries, and the primary processing capacity of crude oil has reached 500 million tons/year. Remarkable progress has been made in renewable energy and nuclear energy. The installed capacity of wind power has doubled continuously, and has leapt to the forefront of the world; The development of hydropower and nuclear power has accelerated significantly. China has become the largest country with hydropower installed capacity and the largest number of nuclear power units under construction

the scale of high-tech manufacturing industry is expanding. In 2010, the added value of high-tech manufacturing above Designated Size accounted for 8.9% of all industries above designated size. Among the key electronic communication products, the output of, computer, color TV, digital camera and laser disc player accounted for 49.9%, 60.9%, 48.3%, 80% and 85% of the global output in 2009 respectively, and the trade volume of electronic communication products accounted for more than 15% of the global trade volume. The high-tech manufacturing industry has laid a solid foundation for China to move forward to a powerful high-tech industry in the future

the strength of equipment manufacturing industry has been significantly improved. The state attaches great importance to the development of the equipment manufacturing industry. During the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, a series of policies have been issued to accelerate the revitalization of the equipment manufacturing industry, and the strength of the equipment manufacturing industry has been significantly improved. In 2010, the added value of China's equipment manufacturing industry accounted for 29.6% of the added value of industries above Designated Size, an increase of 0.9 percentage points over 2005. The total scale of the equipment manufacturing industry ranks among the top in the world. The autonomy level of major technical equipment has also been significantly improved. Major technical equipment such as ultra-high voltage power transmission and transformation equipment and million ton ethylene complete equipment have been independently manufactured, and the autonomy of large open-pit mines and large construction machinery has been basically realized; The design and manufacturing technology of boilers, steam turbines and generators for million kilowatt ultra supercritical thermal power units has achieved an autonomy rate of more than 85%. The technical level of equipment products in some fields has leapt to the forefront of the world. The process of large-scale complete sets of cement production equipment with a daily output of 5000 tons and the manufacturing process of new special-shaped cathode cell of electrolytic aluminum have reached the international leading level. China has become the second country after the United States that can develop billions of times of supercomputers

the growth rate of high energy consuming industries slowed down, and energy conservation and emission reduction achieved results. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, the state strictly controlled the excessive growth of high energy consuming industries, and the proportion of high energy consuming industries in the national economy decreased. In 2010, the added value of the six high energy consuming industries above Designated Size accounted for 30.3% of all industries above Designated Size, a decrease of 2.4 percentage points over 2005. Six high energy consuming industries have made contributions to energy conservation and emission reduction in the eleventh five year plan. It is preliminarily estimated that the six high energy consuming industries have saved nearly 400million tons of standard coal, contributing more than 60% to the energy conservation of the whole society

eliminate backward production capacity and optimize and upgrade product structure. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, China eliminated 110million tons of backward iron making capacity, more than 68 million tons of steel-making capacity, 330 million tons of cement capacity, 100 million tons of coke capacity, 10.3 million tons of T-scan time for paper production, and 38 million weight boxes of glass capacity. The above eliminated backward production capacity accounts for about 50% of the total backward production capacity. The product structure is continuously optimized and upgraded. For example, high magnetic induction oriented silicon steel independently developed by Baosteel and WISCO has basically replaced imports. In 2009, China's domestic steel market share reached 96%, an increase of 4 percentage points over 2005; The ratio of plate to strip in the iron and steel industry reached 46%, 6% higher than that in 2005. In 2009, the new dry process cement accounted for 76.9% of the total cement production capacity, 36 percentage points higher than that in 2005 to ensure the comparability of the test results of the same product under the environmental test conditions specified in the same test specification. The proportion of float glass technology increased to 86%, 7% higher than that in 2005

III. The organizational structure of industrial enterprises has been continuously optimized, the pace of enterprise merger and reorganization has been accelerated, and the development of small and medium-sized enterprises has ushered in new opportunities. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, the state vigorously promoted the adjustment of enterprise organizational structure and merger and reorganization, supported advantageous enterprises to merge and acquire backward and difficult enterprises, and encouraged the combination of powerful enterprises and the integration of upstream and downstream operations. The pace of enterprise merger and reorganization was accelerated. For example, the number of central enterprises has increased from 169 in early 2006 to 122 in 2010. Industrial concentration increased. The concentration of the top 10 iron and steel enterprises increased from 35.4% in 2005 to 48.6% in 2010. In 2010, the output of the top 20 cement enterprise groups accounted for 45% of the national cement output, the output of the top 10 automobile enterprises accounted for 86% of the national output, the annual output of the top 35 chemical fiber enterprises accounted for 50% of the national output, and the output of large enterprise groups accounted for 73% of the national total

new opportunities for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. The state has continuously issued a number of policies to support the classification and testing method of air tightness performance of external windows of buildings gb/t 7107 (2) 002. As a large and wide range of small and medium-sized enterprises, the development of small and medium-sized enterprises has ushered in new opportunities. According to the data of the second national economic census, at the end of 2008, there were 1.9 million small and medium-sized industrial enterprises in China, accounting for 99.8% of the total number of industrial enterprises; The number of employees reached 100million, accounting for 83.6% of all employees in industrial enterprises; The annual main business income reached 36.3 trillion yuan, accounting for 67.8% of all industries. Small and medium-sized enterprises have become an important force in China's national economic and social development. They are playing an increasingly important role in economic prosperity and increasing employment

IV. a variety of economic sectors compete for development

state owned enterprises have grown in the course of strategic adjustment. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, the strategic adjustment of state-owned enterprises continued to increase, and the vitality and influence of the state-owned economy further increased. The state-owned economy plays a leading role in industries involving national security and the lifeline of the national economy, important mineral resources, and industries providing important public goods and services. In 2010, among the oil and gas exploration industry, power production and supply industry and water production and supply industry, the main business income of state-owned and state-controlled enterprises accounted for 92.7%, 91.8% and 64.2% of their industries respectively; In the petroleum processing and coal mining and dressing industries, the main business income of state-owned and state holding enterprises accounted for 71.6% and 60.2% of the industry respectively; In the transportation equipment, metallurgy and non-ferrous metal industries, the proportion of state-owned and state-controlled industries is between 31% and 48.3%

private enterprises continue to develop rapidly. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, the state issued a number of documents and supporting policies to support and guide the development of the non-public economy, further broaden the field and scope of private investment, improve the development environment of the non-public economy, and the private enterprises developed rapidly. According to the data of the second national economic census, at the end of 2008, there were 1457000 private industrial enterprises in China, attracting 53.05 million jobs, accounting for 76.6% and 44.2% of all industrial enterprises respectively; The total industrial output value reached 16.6 trillion yuan, accounting for 30.5% of all industrial enterprises. By the end of 2010, the number of private enterprises with an annual main business income of more than 5million yuan had grown to 270000, of which 9987 had reached the large and medium-sized standard

foreign and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan invested enterprises are still an indispensable and important force in China's economic construction. In 2010, the industrial added value of Foreign-invested Enterprises above Designated Size and enterprises invested by Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan accounted for 25% of all industrial enterprises above Designated Size; Absorb

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